Histographics 2.0. The Adventure Continues – Crazy Survival Tips that Actually Work

Video Transcript

Being in a life-or-death kind-of-situation is a very uncomfortable place to be. Nobody would willingly put themselves in that kind of situation.  Disaster movies are fun to watch from the comfort of our own home but being the main actor in a real-life situation where your very existence is at stake is much less comfortable. 

Of course, we would rather not be the person who has to face insurmontable odds to survive very unfortunate sets of circumstances, except that sudden disaster can strike you at any time and the decisions you are going to make at this very moment will determine whether you live or die and watching this video could potentially save your life.

Video by Histograhics 2.0. Scritwriter: Joanne Reed

This is why you need to watch this video because having some basic survival knowledge will definitely increase your chance of not dying.  Better safe than sorry.  But before getting into full disaster mode don’t forget to support our new channel by sharing, commenting, and subscribing.

The first thing you need to do if you are facing a life-or-death kind of situation is: DO NOT PANIC!  I can hear you saying, “Easier said than done”. Sure, thing but losing your grip is not going to help the situation, on the contrary it may accelerate your demise.   

S.T.O.P for a minute or two. Sit. Think. Observe. Plan. Inventory the resources you have. Identify the critica tasks required for survival (water, shelter, warmth), make a plan to stay alive. Mental toughness is key. It is often grit that separates a survivor from a non-survivor. 

Bad situations can turn dramatic for many reasons but the 3 potentially deadly events that can precipitate your exit from this earth are: 

  1. Exposure to the elements: extreme cold or extreme heat on land or at sea. 
  2. Lack of water and food. 
  3. Injuries. 

Let’s get into the disaster scenarios very gently by looking at bad situations that can be dealt with quite easily and where your chance of survival is pretty high. Before you go out anywhere, please check the weather forecast. The Brits have a saying: There is no such thing as bad weather only bad clothing. Staying alive in extreme weather conditions is a real art that requires skills, knowledge, some preparation and good packing skills. When you are out in the open clothing is your first line of shelter and your first protection. Have the right clothes for the right environment. Pack an extra layer of clothing just in case and don’t forget to pack a hat.  

Sudden disaster can strike you at any time one minute you are doing your duty on an aircraft carrier and the next you found yourself in the middle of the ocean. This is exactly what happened to Marine Lance-Corporal Zachary Mayo in 1995. He was wandering around his aircraft carrier when a metal door swung open and whacked him into the ocean 100 miles from shore.   He survived his ordeal thanks to some crazy navy training that he remembered and was found two days later by a fishermen’s boat.

If you ever find yourself adrift at sea (God forbid), do not try to swim to some faraway land the location of which you have no idea.  You have to figure out a way to stay afloat and alive as long as possible until someone comes to rescue you. Marine Lance-Corporal Zachary survived his ordeal and was able to share with the world one crazy survival tip that actually works. He turned his pants into a life preserver.

First, take off your pants and tie the ankles together into a tight knot. Then lift the waistband high, hold it open and swoosh your pants through the air in order to fill them with air. Slip the legs over your head, make yourself comfortable and buoyant then pray that the sharks don’t take an interest in your exposed genitals and that some fishermen’s boat will come fishing in the vicinity, like right now.

You will probably need to re-inflate your pants pretty often because the pants’ main function is not to be an airtight life preserver, but whatever, you are in the middle of the ocean, and you’ve got nothing better to do.

Being adrift in the middle of the ocean is bad, but being on land, freezing cold, and lost in the wilderness is not good either. We heard countless stories of people getting lost in the wild or surviving a plane crash only to find themselves at death door again trying to survive cold, heat, thirst, and hunger.

Crazy Survival Tips that Actually Works. Video by Histographics. Scriptwriter: Joanne Reed

Once again, if you find yourself in this dire situation, the first thing you have to do is S.T.O.P for a minute or two. Sit. Think. Observe. Plan. Inventory the resources you have. Identify the critical tasks required for survival (water, shelter, warmth). Make a plan to stay alive and make a fire.

Fire is the king of survival techniques. Fire can keep you warm, purify water, cook food, signal rescuers, give you light and comfort. It can also keep unfriendly predators at a distance.  

The easiest way to make a fire is by using a lighter or some matches. Duh! 

But chances are you are not going to have these two items handy just when you need them the most and you can also forget the idea of rubbing two sticks together to make a fire like our homo sapiens cousins used to do in the olden days. Mind you, Tom Hanks managed to pull it off in Castaway but that was just for the cameras. 

So, what’s the next best thing? Use the very thing that people carry with them everywhere, every day, night and day, their mobile phone. If you are carrying steel wool or wrapper foil of chewing-gum good for you because it can save your life.  Twist the foil up into a loop and touch it to both the positive and negative terminals of your phone battery in order to generate enough heat to set fire to something dry and easily flammable.

If this doesn’t work, you can use the lithium in your battery, which is made up of a dangerous concoction of chemicals carefully segregated so that they don’t go off. Burst open the battery case, take a sharp stick, then stab the phone as your life depends on it because it does. This beating up triggers a process called “thermal runaway” which is a rather undesirable thing to happen in 99% of cases, you don’t want your phone to explode except if it is going to save your life.

The next thing you need to do is to collect water and find food. If you cannot locate any water source, the next best thing would be to harvest fresh water from plants with a plastic bag and a rock. Just as you release water vapor into the air when you breathe, so too do plants. Tie the plastic bag around some leaves, put something heavy like a rock, to create a reservoir at the bottom, and wait for the magic to happen. It is going to take a while so feel free in the meantime to go hunting for food; but after 24 hours or so, you should have a cup and a quarter of freshwater. Don’t worry it tastes much better than you own sweat.

Crazy Survival Tips that Actually Works. Video by Histographics. Scriptwriter: Joanne Reed

So, your extended stay in the goddamn wilderness has turned out not too deadly so far. You managed to save yourselves from hyperthermia by starting a fire that keeps you warm, whilst keeping unfriendly predators at a distance. You successfully alleviated your thirst by drinking sweat I mean freshwater from plants.  Now, you are starving and becoming weaker and weaker by the hour from lack of nutrition.

Time to become a hunter-gatherer and venture around to look for food. There is no obvious way to tell if a thing is edible simply by looking at it. You could put it in your mouth, sure, but many poisonous wild-growing plants look an awful lot like the kind of thing you’d put on the dinner table.

For example, regular carrots and parsnips look almost identical to hemlock, a plant that will kill you so dead that they used it to execute people in the olden days. Fortunately, there is a way to figure out whether or not something is okay to eat. It is called the universal edibility test or UET. It is not flawless, but it is better than saying prayer.

When you find something that looks like it might be edible smell it first. Plants that don’t want to be eaten have evolved for millions of years to communicate that fact to us, and many of them smell bad. If it smells okay, rub it on the inside of your elbow or wrist and wait to see if you develop a rash or hives or anything.

Ideally, you have enough time before you starve to death to give this test the scientific rigorousness it warrants, but if time is short you want to give each step between 15 minutes and an hour before you move to the next step. If the plant passes the elbow test, the next thing is to rub it on your lips, then wait again. If you are still feeling okay put some of it in your mouth and swish, it around but don’t swallow. After that eat a very small amount of it and wait overnight. If you are not dead by the morning, then whatever you’re thinking of eating might be safe.

Crazy Survival Tips that Actually Works . Video by Histographics. Scriptwriter: Joanne Reed

Of course, this test comes with some disclaimers. For example, it apparently doesn’t work very well with mushrooms; experienced survivalists will tell you that you should never eat a wild mushroom no matter what it looks like.

Whilst you are out and about looking for food, make sure you don’t twist your ankle or cut yourself badly. Did you know that the most common injuries happening in the wild are sprained ankles, broken limbs, and cuts?

To treat a twisted ankle, remember R.I.C.E: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. First, rest the ankle by getting off it immediately. Second, reduce swelling by icing it. Since you are in the wilderness and ice packs are in short supply there, soak a t-shirt in cold water and wrap it around the injured ankle. Compress the joint by whatever means you find. Finally, elevate the ankle above the level of the heart.

Crazy Survival Tips that Actually Works. Video by Histographics. Scriptwriter: Joanne Reed

Try not to cut yourself, but if you do, treating a cut in the outdoor is not that different from treating a cut at home. Your first job is to stop the bleeding, clean the wound, then bandage the wound.

Remember that disaster can strike any time without warning, so better be safe than sorry. Whenever you are out and about on land or at sea, best to wear a pair of trousers rather than a dress. Trousers work better as a life preserver. Always carry your mobile phone, chewing-gum can become handy, always carry a plastic bag for water collection and some extra layer clothing with you such as an extra-T-shirt in case you need to use it as a bandage. Having the right type of gear with you and the right kind of knowledge acquired by watching videos such as this one will make you a survivor.

Thank you for watching and/or reading and don’t forget to like, share and subscribe to our channel because it can literally save your life and stay tuned in because I have a whole bunch of videos in the pipeline!

Yours Truly Script Writer, Joanne Reed

If you wish to support my work you can purchase my book This is Your Quest online at BookLocker, from Amazon or from Barnes & Noble. The Ebook version is available on Amazon (Kindle), Barnes & Noble (Nook), Apple (iBooks) & Kobo. Check out my Amazon Author Page here or my listing on


Histographics 2.0 – The Beginning of a New Adventure As a Script Writer – The World’s Deadliest Earthquakes

I have a new gig! I am a script writer! I have been approached by an Animation Studio and Histographics 2.0 to join their team as a script writer. No need to say that I jumped at the opportunity to stretch myself and venture into this fascinating and fun new territory. I love it and I am really happy to present to you the first of many videos from Histographics where the storyline and text have been written by me! Those videos are fun to watch, educational, and full of interesting and out-of-the ordinary information.

I invite you to watch the video, subscribe to the channel, and comment! Your support will be much appreciated.

The World Deadliest Earthquakes You Wouldn’t Survive – Video Transcript – Script Writer: Joanne Reed

Did you know that 62% of the world’s population lives in countries with a significant seismic hazard, or risk of earthquakes? Earthquakes are sneaky, deadly,and often hang out with Tsunamis. For sure living through an earthquake must be an earth-shattering and groundbreaking experience, but would you live to tell the tale?

How about going on a globe-trotting adventure to have a sneak peek at the world’s deadliest earthquakes? At the end of the trip, you will know an awful lot about earthquakes, and you will learn some tips as to how to survive them. Before we get on, don’t forget to like, share and subscribe to our channel.

We all know that earthquakes are scary, deadly, and cause an awful lot of damage, but why are earthquakes more common in some parts of the world than others?

Because some places like Tokyo, in Japan, sit on top of the meeting point, or fault of two tectonic plates. When those plates scrape against each other they cause an earthquake.

Before we start our expedition around the world for a sneak peek at the world’s deadliest earthquakes, we should take a moment or two to understand how earthquakes’ magnitudes are measured, so that we know in advance what we are dealing with.

A magnitude earthquake 1.00 -1.9 is described as a microearthquake.  It is not felt.  No impact.

A magnitude 2.0-3.9 earthquake is described as minor. It is often felt by people, but very rarely caused damage.

A magnitude 4.0-4.9 earthquake is described as light. There is noticeable shaking of indoor objects and rattling noises. It is felt by most people in the affected area. It is slightly felt outside. Generally, causes zero to minimal damage.

A magnitude 5.00-5.9 earthquake is described as moderate. It can cause damage of varying severity to poorly constructed buildings. Zero to light damage to all other buildings. It is felt by everyone.

Histographics 2.0 – The World Deadliest Earthquakes – Script Writer: Joanne Reed

A magnitude 6.00 – 6.9 earthquake is described as strong. It causes damage to a moderate number of well-built structures in populated areas. Earthquake-resistant structures survive with slight to moderate damage. It is felt up to 100 km from the epicenter. Strong to violent shaking in the epicentral area.

A magnitude 7.00-7.9 earthquake is described as major. It causes damage to most buildings. Well-designed structures are likely to suffer damage.

A magnitude 8.00 to 9.00 + is described as great. It causes near or total destruction – severe damage or collapses to all buildings and it causes permanent changes in ground topography.

To summarize, anything between 1.00 to 6.00 on the Richter scale is no big deal. Anything between 6.00 to 7.9 is a big deal. Anything between 8.00 to 9.00 + is a very big deal.

It is now time for you to fasten your seat belt and get ready to go on a tour of the most dangerous places on earth. Our itinerary will take us to 10 different locations where you will be met by devastating scenes of destruction, desolation, and death.

Our 1st stopover is in the province of Shaanxi, China in the year 1556. This region suffered an earthquake the like of which has not been seen before. The magnitude of the earthquake was 8 on the Richter scale. The estimated death toll was 830,000. A 520-mile-wide area was destroyed. In some counties, it is estimated that up to 60% of the population died.

Histographics 2.0 – The World Deadliest Earthquakes – Script Writer: Joanne Reed

Our 2nd stop-over is in Port-au-Prince, Haiti in the year 2010. The magnitude of the earthquake was 8 on the Richter scale, killing 326,000 people. The population suffered greatly from this event. It is also worth noting that Haiti also happens to be on the pathway of typhoons that hit the island on a regular basis.

Our 3rd and 4th stop-over are Antakya, Turkey. This country suffered from two devastating earthquakes. The first one happened in the year 115 killing 260,000 people. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.5 on the Richter scale. The second one happened in 525 killing 250,000 people. The earthquakes caused severe damage to a large section of the Byzantine empire, numerous buildings were destroyed, and a local tsunami was triggered.

For our 5th stop-over, we go back to China, but this time (1976) it was the Tangshan region that was hit hard by an earthquake. 242,769 people lost their lives. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.5 on the Richter scale. It was reported that the earthquake risk had been greatly underestimated, almost all buildings and structures were designed and built without seismic considerations; 85% of buildings collapsed, which explained the large death toll.

We are halfway through our journey. I just want to check on you guys to make sure you are still with me. Take a breather but stay alert till the end because you’ll find out at the end of the tour some tips that can literally save your life if you just happened to be in the wrong place, at the wrong time.

Histographics – The World Deadliest Earthquakes.

Our next stop is in Gyzndzha, Azerbaidjan (1139), where 230,000 people died due to what is known as the Ganja earthquake. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.00 on the Richter scale and triggered massive landslides off the side of the mountains and canyons in the Caucasus Mountains.

Let’s go to Sumatra, Indonesia. This earthquake happened in 2004 in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Sumatra, and it resulted in a series of large tsunamis (ranging from 15 to 30 meters in height). 227,898 people died. The magnitude of the earthquake was 9.1 on the Richter scale. The victims were from 14 countries across the region with Indonesia being the hardest hit, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand. There was no tsunami warning system in place.

Our next stop-over will take us to Iran and China.  A deadly earthquake happened in Damghan, Iran in the year 856, killing 200,000 people. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.9 on the Richter scale. The Gansu earthquake in China in 1920 spread across 7 provinces and regions with a magnitude of 8.3 on the Richter scale killing 200,000 people. In some cities, almost all buildings collapsed or were buried by landslides. It was reported that additional deaths from aftershocks meant survivors tried to rely only on temporary shelters which were unsuitable for the harsh winter.

Histographics 2.0 – The World Deadliest Earthquakes – Script Writer: Joanne Reed

Let’s hop over to Dvin, Armenia, where a brutal earthquake killed 150,000 people in the year 893. The city of Dvin was destroyed, and most of the buildings’ defensive walls and palaces collapsed. With the city defenses ruined, Dvin was taken over by Muhammad Abi’I-Saj, the emir of Adharbayjan.

Our final stopover is Tokyo, Japan, where a devastating earthquake occurred in  1923 killing 142,807 people. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.9 on the Richter scale. More than half of brick buildings, and 10% of reinforced structures collapsed. The earthquake caused a tsunami with waves as high as 12 meters in height. Large fires also broke out.

We cannot talk about earthquakes in Japan without mentioning the massive undersea megathrust earthquake that happened off the coast of Japan in 2011. The whole world witnessed with horror this event and its aftermath on their TV screen. The disaster began when a magnitude -9 earthquake shook the region in the early afternoon, unleashing a savage tsunami.

Histographics 2.0 – The World Deadliest Earthquakes – Script Writer: Joanne Reed

The earthquake triggered a massive tsunami with waves up to 40.5 meters. The waves traveled inland as far as 10 km and caused extensive and severe structural damage in north-eastern Japan. Airports, roads, railroads, and a dam collapsed. The tsunami also caused nuclear accidents at three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant complex. The death toll was estimated at 19,747, which was surprisingly low considering the quick succession of events earthquake +tsunami +nuclear power plant meltdown.

When big earthquakes happen the data show that it is the tsunami that causes the most destruction, but it is good to know that the death toll can be minimized if a nation is prepared, and proper warning systems are in place.

Histographics 2.0 – The World Deadliest Earthquakes – Script Writer: Joanne Reed

Many lessons have been learned from those events. Warning systems have been put on the seafloor all around the world to detect seismic activities and give proper warning to the population to evacuate coastal areas and seek refuge on high ground. Engineers are learning from those disasters and are looking for ways to design and build buildings more resistant to quakes and tsunamis.

Earthquakes and tsunamis tend to destroy everything that is in their path; what are the chances of you surviving an earthquake if you just happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time? It depends where you are and what you do when the earthquake hits.  Here are some life-saving tips just in case.

Histographics 2.0- The World Deadliest Earthquakes – Script Writer: Joanne Reed
  1. If you are outdoor, stay outside and away from buildings.
  2. If you are inside, stay where you are, do not run outside, and avoid doorways.
  3. If you are in a car, pull over, stop and set your parking brake.
  4. If you are at sea, stay there.
  5. Wherever you are, Drop, Cover and Hold.  Drop to your hands and knees.  Cover your head and neck with your arms. Hold on to something sturdy. If a sturdy table or desk is nearby, crawl underneath it for shelter. Hold on with one hand and be ready to move with it if it moves.
  6. If you are in a damaged building, go outside as soon as you can and quickly move away from the building.
  7. If you are trapped, send a text or bang on a pipe or wall. Cover your mouth with your shirt for protection, concentrate on staying alive and wait for the rescue team.
  8. If you are in an area that may experience tsunamis, go inland or go to higher ground immediately after the shaking stops.
  9. If you cannot evacuate to higher ground, evacuate vertically to higher floors, onto a roof, up a tree, or grab a floating object and hold on for dear life because your life is depending on it.

Earthquakes are sneaky, deadly, and usually hang out with tsunamis. If you get caught in one remember to Drop, Cover and Hold on for dear life.

Thank you for watching and don’t forget to like, share and subscribe to our channel and stay tuned in because I have a whole bunch of videos in the pipeline! I have been really busy writing scripts and the design team has been really busy putting the graphics and video together.

Yours Truly Script Writer, Joanne Reed

If you wish to support my work you can purchase my book This is Your Quest online at BookLocker, from Amazon or from Barnes & Noble. The Ebook version is available on Amazon (Kindle), Barnes & Noble (Nook), Apple (iBooks) & Kobo. Check out my Amazon Author Page here or my listing on