Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité

The French Flag is called the Tricolore. It consists of 3 vertical stripes of blue, white and red. It was established as the flag of France after the French Revolution of 1789. Red & Blue were the colours of Paris. White was the colour of royalty. With the white sandwiched between the red and the blue, it symbolized the control of the people over the monarchy. Today the colours are said to mean: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity ideals associated with the Revolution that still resound in the hearts of many French Citizens.  Another interpretation is that the blue represents the people’s history, the white the people’s hope and the red the blood of their ancestors. 

Before the French Revolution the Royal French flag was designed with “Fleur-de-Lis”, which was the emblem of the King of France and a symbol of the French Monarchy. Historians believe that the three petals of the “Fleur-de-Lis” represent the three medieval social estates: the commoners, the nobility and the clergy. The “Fleur-de-Lis” was said to represent a symbol of the king’s divinely approved right to rule.